Day 2 :
Panjab University, India
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Raminder kaur has completed her post-graduation in MS.c (Hons.) Anthropology from Panjab University Chandigarh (India) in year 2016. She is junior research scholar (UGC) in the Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh (India). One research paper is accepted and will be published in January 2018 in Anthropologie, International journal of human diversity and evolution as it is under preparation. Her current Ph.D research work is going on polycystic ovary syndrome.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is one of the common endocrine dysfunction in women of reproductive age and is responsible for heterogeneous and manifold disorders. It is associated with enhanced risk of morbidity in terms of both reproductive and non-reproductive events such as increased possibility of cardio-metabolic, obstetric, oncology and psychological complication throughout the life span. The major determinants for these diseases are obesity, raised glucose level, raised cholesterol, physical inactivity, decreased vegetables and fruit intake and high blood pressure etc. PCOS patients not only shows classic cardiovascular risks such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia, but also non-classic cardiovascular risks factors like mood disorder, depression and anxiety. Overall obesity is common among PCOS women and it further worsens the health status of women. Women suffering from PCOS exhibit higher prevalence of abdominal body fat as compared to their obese non PCOS counterparts. Currently it is unclear whether long term risks are due to PCOS or obesity. Previous literature illustrated that androgen excess may be primary cause of fat deposition particularly visceral fat and leads to insulin insensitivity which is significantly reduced in obese and overweight PCOS women and further promote androgen excess. PCOS being a hidden epidemic across globe and needs awareness in diagnosis and management of the disorder with lifestyle modification like physical activity and diet.
Fatima Memorial College of Medicine & Dentistry, Pakistan
Dr.Shamaila Hassnain has completed her MCPS Community Medicine in 2017 from College of Physicians And Surgeons Pakistan. She is the Senior Lecturer of Community Medicine, teach 4th year MBBS students.She has published 3 papers in reputed national and international journals and working on 5 more projects.
Breast cancer is the second most frequently occurring malignant tumour .It's a progressive disease hence gradually developing into more fatal form from very small lesion. Knowledge and awareness about risk factors, symptoms and screening methods reduces the mortality and morbidity. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Lahore. Data was collected anonymously on self-administrated questionnaire regarding awareness and knowledge about risk factors, presentations of breast cancer and screening practices about breast self-examination (BSE), clinical breast examination (CBE) and mammography.A total of 400 females participated in this study. 34% had heard of BSE, 30% of CBE and 29.5% of the mammography. Only 21.8% had ever performed BSE and 14% had ever received CBE. On enquiring the reasons for not performing BSE 29% did not know how to do it and 14.3% indicated embarrassment as the cause of not performing CBE. Regarding the source of information internet was identified as the most popular one (64.8%) followed by breast cancer campaigns (58.5%). Participants had inadequate knowledge about risk factors and its presentations. There is much lack of information about mammography but participants were aware of the age (35-40years) to start this screening procedure. Our studies revealed lack of awareness and knowledge with regard to breast cancer and it screening methods. There is utmost need to enhance the awareness and encouraging the performance of BSE, CBE and mammography among females from very young age to reduce its incidence.